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Setki mumii, sitting in tight ranks, They appeared in the eyes of the astonished researchers. The artificially made underground chambers they discovered the burial of the unknown science of the ancient nation.
W 1928 the expedition of archaeologists under the direction of the "father of the Peruvian archeology" July Tello, He conducted research on the Paracas peninsula in the distance 200 km south of the capital Lima. Tello drew attention to the local "caves”, underground spaces, considered before a string of natural caves. The research have shown, that in fact they were carved into the rock at a depth of eight meters bell-shaped chamber.
Z Mumie Paracas
Caused a real shock, however, the discovery of the contents of these chambers. Under the dark stone vaults, hand in hand, They sat perfectly preserved mummies. Body were in woven baskets, closed leather bags. His knees were pulled up to her chin and squeezed ropes. The whole thing was wrapped in a cotton cloth, and on top imposed wonderful wool hats.
The local dry climate was very favorable for the preservation of textiles and human remains. Testing the fabric of tombs in Paracas revealed, that they were made with 22 colors and almost 200 shades. Perhaps the color of ornamental motifs indicated social status of the deceased. Headgear was a long strip of cloth wrapped in a turban. Each deceased was equipped with a special set of objects: not, gold ornaments, fishing network (for men), spindle (for women), ceramic bowls, pots and containers covered with engraved patterns and colorful drawings.
The lives of the people buried in the necropolis of Paracas know little. established, that lived here over 2500 years ago, They knew the art of irrigation and drainage, and that led a bloody war, as evidenced by the large number of the found weapons.
Riddle elongated skulls
The biggest mystery however, have been found in Paracas elongated skull. The very elongated artificially head is not for archaeologists special sensation and is by no means "invention" Peruvian. Peculiar to our culture custom deformities of the head, there is in many nations. With the help of various methods to minimize normal bone growth, unnaturally elongated shape of the skull obtained in Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Kongo, Sudan, in the Americas, and also in Europe. Some scholars are of the opinion, the famous moai of Easter Island also depict figures with elongated heads.
You have to emphasize here, that by the intended deformation of the human skull can change its shape, but volume. Meanwhile, volume of some desert skulls proved by 25% higher than in humans, and their weights were up to 60% and more. Nay, part of the skulls of the Paracas shows no signs of mechanical deformation. It follows, that these individuals had with the head of birth. Additional sensation are two parietal bones in such skulls, while the common man has at this point only one bone. During the study also found two natural openings in the back of the skull nation Paracas, which Homo sapiens does not have. Otherwise, draws attention to the unusual increase in inhabitants of America - more than 180 cm, and hair color - red, brown, blond.
Analysis of DNA czaszek the Paracas
To set aside the curtains a little secret, Director of the Museum of the History of Paracas Juan Navarro sent a sample for genetic analysis finds. FROM 5 skulls (in total are stored in the museum 40 skulls) collected hair, the remnants of the skin, teeth and bone fragments. Geneticists were not informed about the origin of the samples, to preserve the impartiality of research. The results were absolutely unexpected.
You have to mention at the outset, It was examined so far only a few of 40 skulls from the museum. This number in turn is only a small fraction of the hundreds of these types of skulls, known in Peru and Bolivia. Of particular importance is the fact, however,, that the analysis made highly qualified geneticist with the help of cutting-edge research methods. Here's what he said Brien Foerster, dealing with this subject:
Some segments of the examined DNA are not compatible either with the known DNA segments Homo sapiens, or other related subspecies, as Neanderthal, whether Denisowiec. So it seems, the Paracas created his own genre. Genetic differences between humans and creatures with elongated skulls were so big, rather that they exclude the possibility of interbreeding between the two species.
Mysterious people have come and gone
Notwithstanding the viewpoint, no one can deny, that in Paracas lived a very enigmatic nation. He appeared some 1000 lat p.n.e. completely out of nowhere. Its members knew the potter's wheel and wove beautiful fabrics in pre-Columbian Peru. on the cards, that their ancestors came to Paracas sailing vessels from another part of the world. Next, in the first century AD, They disappeared as mysteriously, as it appeared.
The vast majority of the elongated skulls in Peru and Bolivia, ok. 90-95%, shows clear signs of deformation techniques: flattened parts front and rear of the skull, where there were flat slats bound tightly with rope. It remains, however, a fascinating number 5% do 10% skulls, which have no sign, whose shape is naturally round and bent.
That Brien Foerster believes, that a small proportion of people (or creatures) indeed he born already the elongated shape of the head, one parietal bone, large eye sockets and two holes on the back of the skull. Other people, for unknown reasons at the moment, conformity to the upper layer, artificially deforming a skull. As you can see, questions is still more, than answers. (S.K.)